21st Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 27

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Title Sermon Date Liturgical Scripture
Third Sunday in Advent December 11, 2011 Third Sunday of Advent, Year B Isaiah 61:1-4, 8-11; Canticle 15; John 1:6-8, 19-28
Second Sunday in Advent December 4, 2011 Second Sunday in Advent, Year B Isaiah 40:1-11; Psalm 85; 2 Peter 3:8-15a; Mark 1:1-8
First Sunday in Advent November 27, 2011 First Sunday in Advent, Year B Genesis 28:10-17; Isaiah 64:1-9; Mark 13:24-37
Last Sunday After Pentecost November 20, 2011 Christ the King Sunday, Year A Ezekiel 34:11-16, 20-24; Matthew 25:31-46
22st Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 28 November 13, 2011 Sermon, Proper 28 Matthew 25:14-30; 1 Thessalonians 5:1-11
21st Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 27 November 6, 2011 Sermon, Proper 27, Year A, All Saints’ Sunday Matthew 25:1-13; Wisdom of Solomon 6:12-20
20th Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 26 October 30, 2011 Proper 26, Year A Micah 3:5-12; Psalm 43; 1 Thessalonians 2:9-13; Matthew 23:1-12
19th Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 25 October 23, 2011 Proper 25, Year A Leviticus 19:1-2, 15-18; 1 Thessalonians 2:1-8; Matthew 22:34-46
18th Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 24 October 16, 2011 Proper 24, Year A Matthew 22:15-22, Psalm 96
17th Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 23 October 9, 2011 Proper 23, Year A Isaiah 25:1-12; Matthew 22:1-14
15th Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 21 September 25, 2011 Proper 21, Year A Ezekiel 18:1-4, 25-32; Psalm 25:1-8; Philippians 2:1-13; Matthew 21:23-32
13th Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 19 September 11, 2011 Sermon, Proper 19, Year A Matthew 18:21-35; Romans 14:1-12
12th Sunday after Pentecost, Year A, Proper 18 September 4, 2011 Sermon, Proper 18, Year A Romans 13:8-14; Matthew 18:15-20
10th Sunday After Pentecost – “But who do you say that I am?” August 21, 2011 Proper 16, Year A Isaiah 51:1-6; Romans 12:1-8; Matthew 16:13-20
9th Sunday after Pentecost Year A – Canaanite Woman August 14, 2011 Sermon, Proper 15, Year A Matthew 15: (10-20), 21-28


21st Sunday After Pentecost, Year A, Proper 27

Sermon Date:November 6, 2011

Scripture: Matthew 25:1-13; Wisdom of Solomon 6:12-20

Liturgy Calendar: Sermon, Proper 27, Year A, All Saints’ Sunday

In Matthew, Chapter 25,  just before Judas betrays him and he is put to death on a cross, Jesus tells three parables about the coming of the Son of Man for the final judgment. 

How fitting that we should hear the first of these parables on this Sunday as we observe All Saints’ Sunday, because we  remember  today those who have gone before us—the ones who have already joined the bridegroom at the wedding banquet. 

Our fervent hope, as saints here on earth, is that someday we too will pass through the door into the light and joy and celebration of this heavenly banquet where we will be with the Lord forever. 

In this first of his three parables about the final judgment,  Jesus tells the story of the ten bridesmaids who have gone out to meet the bridegroom.  Five of them are foolish, and five are wise.

Near the end of the parable, the five wise bridesmaids go with the bridegroom into the wedding banquet.   

And their actions provide guidance to those of us who are now  the followers of Jesus, and who try to live according to his teachings. 

The wise bridesmaids care about only one thing.  They want to be ready when the bridegroom shows up, so that they can be with him at the wedding banquet. 

These five wise bridesmaids remind us that as Christians, our deepest desire and greatest longing is to be with Jesus. 

When we are baptized, we enter into the fellowship of Jesus. 

In the baptismal service, we pray that by the power of the Holy Spirit those who are cleansed from sin and born again through baptism may continue for ever in the risen life of Jesus Christ our Savior. 

But our journeys through this life are not easy.  We face all sorts of trials and tribulations that can tear us away from continuing in the risen life of Jesus.

The frustrations of this life can distract us, just as the five foolish bridesmaids must have been distracted.  And the good things in life can also distract us. 

According to this parable, the possibility exists that even though we are Christians, we can get so distracted that we might actually find ourselves unprepared for the coming of the bridegroom.

When we finally do wise up and make it to the wedding banquet, we may be too late, and find the door shut, even though we have been part of the church ever since our baptisms. 

Then what must we do to be prepared for the return of Jesus,  beginning here and now?  Let’s return to the story of the bridesmaids for some help with this question. 

In the parable, the ten bridesmaids carry torches.  These torches are not the little lamps like the one you see on the bulletin cover. 

Lamps such as those were used in homes, because they provided a long lasting, though not very bright light.  In addition, they were easily blown out by passing breezes. 

The bridesmaids in the parable are carrying torches of the sort that were commonly used in the Roman Empire and in Palestine to light the way when people went out into the darkness.

These torches were also commonly used in wedding processions to light the way for the wedding party as it passed through the village from the bride’s home to the home of the groom, where the wedding banquet took place. 

According to Ulrich Luz, the bridesmaids in the parable probably carried what are called container torches.  These torches consisted of a pole to which a container full of old rags was attached.  The rags were then soaked in oil and set on fire.  These torches provided up to two hours of light, and could be re-lit once they burned out by adding more oil to the rags.

The wise bridesmaids made sure to bring extra oil for their torches.

Here’s my theory about what we Christians can learn from this parable about being prepared.

Like the wise bridesmaids, we want to make sure that we have enough oil to keep our torches burning, and our torches are our hearts.  Our goal is to keep our hearts on fire with love for our Lord and Savior, even in the darkest of times. 

In other words, as a Christian, my deepest desire is to keep my heart  full of Jesus himself, here and now, now and always.   

How do fill our hearts with Jesus and stay filled with his love?

 We can seek Wisdom, and spend time in the company of others who are also seeking Wisdom.

In the Wisdom tradition, which goes far back into the history of the Israelites, seeking wisdom is an approach to life, living out in a very deliberate and rational way our commitments to God.

When we go back to the Wisdom tradition in the Old Testament and in the Apocrypha and consider the teaching through Christian eyes, the results are astounding. 

In these writings, wisdom is personified as Sophia, the one through whom God creates the universe.  Sophia is God’s companion in creation, the sustainer of all things, the one who cares for all living creatures. 

Denis Edwards tells us that “in the early church, Jesus is understood as Divine Wisdom, as Wisdom Incarnate. “ (Jesus the Wisdom of God, 51).   

Paul puts it this way in I Corinthians.  “God is the source of your life in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God….”

Jesus Christ, Wisdom from God.   Jesus, the One whom we seek, the bridegroom for whom we wait. 

Instead of the psalm today, we read from the Wisdom of Solomon. 

The Wisdom of Solomon was written in the second half of the first century, perhaps during the lifetime of Jesus himself. 

Edwards tells us that “the second section of the book (from which our reading was taken) is a great celebration of divine Wisdom and of Solomon’s love affair with Wisdom.  Here Wisdom is closely identified with God….” (Jesus the Wisdom of God, 28).

To keep our hearts full of Jesus himself, to live as saints, is really quite simple, according to the Wisdom tradition.

Listen to the words of the verses that come right before our reading from the Wisdom of Solomon, verses 12-16 of  of Chapter 6, as I substitute the name of Jesus for Wisdom.

The reading becomes a metaphor for how to keep our torches full of oil, to keep our hearts full of love for Jesus.

“Jesus is radiant and unfading

Jesus is easily discerned by those who love him.

Jesus is found by those who seek him.

Jesus hastens to make himself known to those who desire him.

One who rises early to seek him will have no difficulty,

For Jesus will be found sitting by the gate.

To fix one’s thought on Jesus is perfect understanding.

And one who is vigilant on his account will soon be free from care

Because Jesus goes about seeking those who are worthy of him.

Jesus graciously appears to them in their paths,

And Jesus meets them in every thought.”

The promise of the Wisdom tradition for us is that when our deepest desire and longing is to be with Jesus, and we seek him, Jesus will come to us.

Jesus will meet us in every thought, and will take up residence in our hearts, radiant and unfading. 

And in this radiant and unfading light, we come to a foretaste of the heavenly banquet when we come to the altar today.

At this table, we are united with our Savior, and bound in love to one another.  Here we join company once again with the saints who have gone before us.

And so week by week, we prepare ourselves for the final judgment, by seeking Jesus, the Wisdom of God, with sincere desire, paying attention to his teaching and keeping his laws.

We live in hope that like the five wise bridesmaids, we will at last enter into the joy and celebration of God’s great wedding banquet, the banquet that God has prepared for all of us who have sought Wisdom with all of our hearts. 


References:  Jesus the Wisdom of God:  An Ecological Theology, by Denis Edwards

Hermeneia:  Matthew 21-28, by Ulrich Luz

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